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Understanding Sciatic Nerve Compression

problems with back spine sciatica - Understanding Sciatic Nerve Compression

Sciatic nerve compression is a painful condition resulting from injury, inflammation, or irritation of the sciatic nerve. This condition typically results in pain that radiates from the lower back down the leg. It can also cause numbness and tingling in the legs and feet. While it is most commonly caused by lumbar spine issues such as herniated discs, there are other potential causes as well. The good thing is, there are effective treatments to relieve sciatica pain.

Let’s take a look at what some of the causes might be.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a common cause of sciatic nerve compression. It occurs when the spaces between vertebrae become smaller due to age-related changes or wear and tear on the spine. This narrowing of space places pressure on the nerves running through it, which can lead to sciatica symptoms such as pain or numbness in your legs and feet. Treatment for spinal stenosis will depend on its severity but may include chiropractic care, physio, medications, or even surgery in some cases.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is another common cause of sciatic nerve compression. DDD occurs when one or more discs in your spine begin to wear away due to age-related changes or general wear and tear on your body over time. When this happens, it can result in herniated discs that place pressure on your nerves and cause sciatica symptoms such as pain radiating down your leg or tingling/numbness in your toes and feet. Treatment for DDD typically includes chiropractic care, physio, medications, injections, and even surgery if needed.

Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis syndrome is another potential cause of sciatic nerve compression that occurs when the piriformis muscle compresses against your sciatic nerve. Symptoms of piriformis syndrome include pain radiating down your buttock or thigh area as well as tingling/numbness in your toes or feet. Treatment for this condition may include stretching exercises, physio, medications, injections, or even surgery if needed. 


Sciatic nerve compression can be a very painful condition that affects many people each year due to injury, inflammation, age-related changes to their spine, degenerative disc disease (DDD), or piriformis syndrome (PS). While there are many treatment options available such as physiotherapy and medications depending on the underlying cause of the compression you should always consult with a medical professional for an accurate diagnosis before beginning any type of treatment regimen for this condition. In addition to treatments like chiropractic care, physiotherapy and medications you may also want to consider lifestyle modifications such as avoiding activities that exacerbate any existing conditions related to sciatic nerve compression like sitting too long without a break which could further compress any already compressed nerves leading to increased discomfort over time!

Dr. Tyler Baron, BASc, DC

Dr. Tyler Baron, BASc, DC

Chiropractor, Clinic Director
Dr. Tyler Baron is a Chiropractic Doctor at CARESPACE Health+Wellness in Waterloo, Ontario. Dr. Baron takes a functional approach to care, utilizing his background in kinesiology, and advanced knowledge of Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS), and Athletic Movement Assessment (AMA). He has also received certifications in advanced manual techniques including Contemporary Medical Acupuncture and Active Release Therapy (ART).

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